The new relationship will not be highlighted until the end of the transition period, when negotiations are completed. The new agreements will enter into force after the transition period that ends on December 31, 2020. EU countries must first approve these new agreements. If Britain and the EU fail to reach an agreement, there will be a « non-deal » of Brexit. This will be done at the end of the transition period. It added that any deviation from the withdrawal agreement, however weak, would « violate international law and undermine trust. » Differences remain over the future access of European fishing fleets to British waters and state aid. The EU and the UK reach an interim agreement. It includes a transition period until 31 December 2020, during which all EU rules will continue to apply. It also covers the border between Ireland and Northern Ireland. After an unprecedented vote on 4 December 2018, MEPs ruled that the UK government was not respecting Parliament because it refused to give Parliament full legal advice on the consequences of its proposed withdrawal terms. [29] The focus of the consultation was on the legal effect of the « backstop » agreement for Northern Ireland, the Republic of Ireland and the rest of the United Kingdom with regard to the CUSTOMS border between the EU and the United Kingdom and its impact on the Good Friday agreement that led to the end of the unrest in Northern Ireland, including whether , according to the proposals, the UK would be certain that it would be able to leave the EU in a practical sense. After back-reacting to reports that Prime Minister Boris Johnson is considering ejecting important parts of the UK`s withdrawal from the EU, this round of negotiations could be the last chance to reach an agreement.

Labour leader Sir Keir Starmer called on the government to « examine the reputational risk it is taking along the proposed path. » Prime Minister Boris Johnson wins the British general election. It is therefore likely that the Brexit deal will soon be adopted. If the British Parliament approves the agreement, the European Parliament can vote on it in January. The withdrawal agreement also contains provisions for the United Kingdom to leave the Convention setting the status of European schools, with the United Kingdom bound by the Convention and accompanying regulations on accredited European schools until the end of the last academic year of the transition period, i.e. at the end of the spring semester 2020-2021. [20] This triggered Article 50 of the Treaty on european Union, which defines the procedure for the withdrawal of an EU member state, thus opening a two-year countdown to withdrawal. This is the third time the British Parliament has rejected the agreement. The UK has until 12 April 2019 to decide what to do: the UK (UK) left the European Union (EU) on 31 January 2020. A transitional period is now in effect until 31 December 2020. During this period, the UK will have to comply with all EU rules and legislation. For businesses and the public, virtually nothing will change. After the transition period, there will be changes, whether or not an agreement is reached on the new relationship between the UK and the EU.

On 19 October, a statement was also made to Parliament that a political agreement had been reached. The agreement also provides for a transitional period, which will last until 31 December 2020 and can be extended by mutual agreement. During the transitional period, EU legislation will continue to apply to the UK (including participation in the European Economic Area, the internal market and the customs union) and the UK will continue to contribute to the EU budget, but the UK will not be represented in EU decision-making bodies.